Our national leaders are making dangerous, lethal choices.
Ukraine: In late 2021 and early 2022, Russian President Vladimir Putin amassed troops on the border with Ukraine, and in February, launched a full-scale invasion, in defiance of both morality and international law. In response, Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky mobilized for defensive war, risking his country’s destruction, rather than vigorously pursuing a negotiated solution or relying on unarmed civilian defense and nonviolent resistance. U.S. President Joe Biden and other NATO leaders have rushed weapons and advisers to Ukraine in a bid to weaken Russia, prolonging the war and risking escalation into a conflict between the two nuclear-armed camps.
In addition to widespread deaths, injuries, and destruction, the war has brought environmental harm, a spike in global prices for energy and commodities, and a worsening food crisis. Among the countries hardest hit by the resulting food shortages are Ethiopia, Yemen, Somalia, and South Sudan.
Climate change: Ignoring the dire predictions of climate scientists, the Biden administration has taken major steps to increase fossil fuel production and consumption, including opening large areas of the Gulf of Mexico and public lands for oil and gas drilling and releasing millions of gallons of oil from the U.S. Strategic Petroleum Reserve to moderate price increases.
Meanwhile, Congress has so far blocked action on effective strategies to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.  These choices will have disastrous consequences for a warming planet.
Military spending: The Biden administration and Congress have also chosen unconscionable levels of military spending, with House and Senate committees competing to see which can add more funding to the President’s already record-breaking $813 billion budget request. That request includes over $50 billion in spending on nuclear weapons, much of it for the “modernization” of nuclear warheads and delivery systems.
Rather than funding climate change mitigation and other essential human needs, our leaders are sending huge sums of money to weapons manufacturers, choices with grim consequences for all humanity. As Pope Francis said in Nagasaki, Japan, in 2019,
The arms race wastes precious resources that could be better used to benefit the integral development of peoples and to protect the natural environment. In a world where millions of children and families live in inhumane conditions, the money that is squandered and the fortunes made through the manufacture, upgrading, maintenance and sale of ever more destructive weapons are an affront crying out to heaven. 
Write President Biden, your Senators, and your Representative, urging them to adopt saner choices.
To write the President: click here to send an email, or send a hard-copy letter to
The White House
1600 Pennsylvania Avenue, N.W.
Washington, DC 20500
To write your Senators: click here and choose your state from the drop-down list. On the results page, click on “Contact” under each Senator’s photo to send an email from his or her website.
To write your Representative: click here, enter your ZIP code, and click on “FIND YOUR REP BY ZIP.” On the results page, click on the envelope icon to send an email from your Representative’s website.
To download a PDF file of this background paper, click here.
 Nathan J. Robinson, “Is the U.S. Actually Trying to Help Ukraine?,” Current Affairs, May 9, 2022; Christopher Caldwell, “The War in Ukraine May Be Impossible to Stop. And the U.S. Deserves Much of the Blame,” The New York Times, May 31, 2022; Lolita C. Baldor and Matthew Lee, “US Sending Advanced Rocket Systems, Other Aid to Ukraine,” Associated Press, June 23, 2022.
 Julia Jacobo, “Experts Predict Lasting Environmental Damage from Russia's Invasion of Ukraine,” ABC News, April 20, 2022; Missy Ryan, “Diplomats Urge Action as Global Food Crisis Deepens,” The Washington Post, June 24, 2022.
 Brad Plumer and Raymond Zhong, “Stopping Climate Change Is Doable, but Time Is Short, U.N. Panel Warns,” The New York Times, April 4, 2022; Carol Davenport, “Biden Plans to Open More Public Land to Drilling,” The New York Times, April 15, 2022.
 Stephen Mufson, “Biden Repeats Call to World Leaders to Cut Greenhouse Gas Emissions,” The Washington Post, June 17, 2022.
 Andrew Clevenger, “Senate Armed Services Panel Goes Big with New Defense Budget,” Roll Call, June 16, 2022; Mike Stone, “U.S. Congress Moves to Boost Biden's Record Defense Budget,” Reuters, June 22, 2022; “Fiscal Year 2023 Defense Budget Request Briefing Book,” Center for Arms Control and Non-Proliferation, June 1, 2022.
 Address of the Holy Father on Nuclear Weapons, Nov. 24, 2019.
 See also “Ukraine: Reaching a Just and Lasting Peace,” Statement of the Science and Ethics of Happiness Study Group, June 16, 2022.
 See also the Feb. 2, 2022, letter from 81 Christian scholars and leaders urging reductions in military spending and investments in human flourishing.